Faith Based Community Solar Farm Project
Sourcing electricity from instate renewables aligns strongly with our core values as a faith community. Shifting to renewable energy is also a responsible choice on purely financial metrics. The Portland Public School Board, for example, recently voted unanimously to issue an RFP for solar power to cover 80% of its energy needs—3,500 kW on about 9 acres of land. Their analysis showed a projected savings of over $50,000 (8%) each year, with no upfront costs. The price of power, moreover, will be known for 20 years, reducing budget risks. We believe that similar economies can be realized by bringing together the power needs of the many churches, synagogues, rectories, parish halls, and mosques.
The time to act is now. Maine recently enacted laws that make large-scale, cost-effective shared solar resources possible. On the other hand, federal investment tax credits are phasing out, with step-downs in 2020, 2021 and 2022. Moving rapidly will allow us to secure the lowest possible costs and to leverage the substantial interest in Maine solar projects sparked by the new laws.
At last year's diocesan convention, a resolution was passed authorizing the exploration of a community solar farm option to lower church-owned buildings electric bills and support the development of clean energy.
We have heard interest from almost every parish in the diocese and we reached out to other faith communities in Maine who also seem eager to participate. We are considering proposals.
If you have questions about where the project stands, feel free to contact John Hennessy for more information.
Faith Community Solar Farm FAQs
1. Is there a hard deadline for responding to this invitation?
No, we aren't working with a hard deadline. The clock is ticking, though -- the federal tax incentives are sunsetting down, and the backlog of projects on solar developers' queues is getting longer. The sooner we can get to a critical mass, the sooner our churches start realizing the cost savings, and the greater those cost savings will be.
2. Who’s funding this and what are the expectations of faith communities?
• Ideally we'd have about 100 churches in the group, which would be about 2.5 MW (2,500 kW) of solar farm.
• The model that we're expecting to use has a third-party owner, who is an investor with the ability to use the tax incentives to offset gains elsewhere on its income statement. Solar developers have relationships with such investors. This is all part of the package that any developer we would select would bring to the table. The investor gets a return on its investment through the monthly electric usage payments of the churches.
• We are looking for a good-faith commitment to the RFP process, not a commitment to eventually sign a contract. It's not until we see the proposals and select the best one that there will be a call for any church to sign a contract.
• From the church's perspective, there is literally nothing to do other than pay your electric bills. The developer is responsible for everything else--financing, building and maintaining the solar farm. The contract rate for electricity paid by the churches covers all these costs.
3. How long will our be commitment under the contemplated contract?
We expect that the contracts with the CSF will be 15-20 years.
4. What happens if a member church has to drop out (e.g. it closes)?
Its share can be picked up by another subscriber. We are discussing what happens if there are any gaps in coverage, but that's a contract detail with the developer.
5. What legal entity will actually be the counterparty to the solar developer?
We will need a single entity signing the contract with the solar developer. This might be a special-purpose LLC that each subscriber church joins, or it might be the Diocese (which has the benefit of having some financial creditworthiness).
6. What are the expected costs to each church?
There will be no upfront capital costs; churches will be responsible for their own costs of legal review of contracts. There may be some allocation of advisor costs, or these costs might be absorbed by the Diocese.
7. How much will the power cost?
Based on bids received by other non-profits, we expect the cost of power will be fixed at under $0.10/kWh for the contract period. Under state law, CMP will provide a credit to churches of about $0.13/kWh, so the net cost will be about $0.07/kWh, or about half of the current charges paid by churches. (Assuming that each church is a Medium General Service customer.) The CMP credit will change over time but is unlikely to decline.
8. Will the churches retain the Renewable Energy Credits associated with the CSF?
9. What fraction of our power consumption will come from the CSF?
We are targeting 80% of current usage to minimize the risk that the annual output from the CSF exceeds the annual consumption of the subscriber churches, even as we install more energy efficient lighting and appliances. (Unused credits are valueless after 24 months.) This 20% slack can also be a way to manage the exit of a subscriber.
Information provided by Robert Stoddard, member of St. Alban’s Episcopal Church
Resolution adopted by The 200th Convention of the Diocese of Maine - October 2019
Establishing Community Solar Farms
St. Luke’s Public Policy and Environmental Action Team
RESOLVED that the Diocese of Maine comments the Governor of the State of Maine for setting the goal of being carbon neutral by 2045, with 80 percent renewable energy for the State by 2030, up from 40 percent today and a goal of 100 percent by 2050; and be it further
RESOLVED that the Diocese of Maine supports these same goals for our congregations and diocesan buildings and ministries, and encourages our parishioners to do the same in their homes and business; and be it further
RESOLVED that the Diocese of Maine honors the congregations who have begun exploring the possibility of obtaining their electricity through community solar farms and encourages all congregations to consider the same and to encourage their ecumenical and interfaith neighbors to join these efforts; and be it further
RESOLVED that the Bishop be asked to appoint a body to help guide this process, working with public and private sectors and report back to Diocesan Convention on this matter in 2020.
According to Genesis 1:2, light was the first created element and is, thus, foundational to the rest of God's created order as well as to the Christian story.
Increased carbon emissions associated with human-produced industrial development has contributed mightily to an increase in Earth's average temperatures the past two centuries (https://www.ipcc.ch/).
The Rev. Jim Antal asserts that "[b]ecause Christians regard God as Creator, the church must proclaim God's love for creation and work to stop humanity from running Genesis in reverse." Climate Church, Climate World (Rowman and Littlefield, 2018, p. 48).
Solar farms are among the top ten most viable options for halting catastrophic global warming, potentially eliminating 36.9 gigatons of CO2 emissions by 2050 (https://www.drawdown.org/solutions/electricity-generation/solar-farms).
In his most recent book, Falter (Henry Holt, 2019), climate activist Bill McKibben argues that solar power, by virtue of being distributed energy, cannot be controlled by elite interests in the way that has become the case for fossil fuels. This technical quality of energy generation resonates with the spirit of promoting justice that constitutes part of the Episcopal Church's mission (Catechism, BCP, p. 855).
Taking action to promote solar generation at the Diocesan level would follow in the spirit of General Convention Resolution D053 "Stewardship of Creation with Church-owned Land" adopted in 2018.
The Diocese already has members with technical expertise and connections who can take leadership roles in overseeing and implementing this project.
Recent changes in Maine state law make CSFs more feasible just as the need for concrete, collective action is at its more urgent point.
Learn about the origin of this project in letter to the diocese: Exploring Faith Based Community Solar Farm Project 9/20/19
Portland Press Herald article: Faith groups exploring solar power possibility 10/30/19
FMI contact John Hennessy